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What is Indian music called?

by Ratan Srivastava
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Indian music

One of the most searched queries are about Indian music and more precisely it’s Bollywood music.

Indian music encompasses a wide range of genres, variations, and styles, including classical music, folk (Bollywood), rock, and pop, due to the country’s breadth and variety. It has a millennia-old history and has evolved over several geo-locations across the Indian subcontinent. In India, music has always been an important element of the social and religious landscape.

Indian Music
Indian Music

So, Indian music is known as Hindustani music. It is one of the two major forms of South Asian classical music, and it is mostly found in the northern three-quarters of the subcontinent, where Indo-Aryan languages are spoken. Beginning in the 13th century, when the Islamic invasion of northern India imported extremely important Arab and Persian musical techniques, the two systems increasingly separated.

Talking about the Instruments used in Hindustani music, The Sitar, Sarod, Sarangi, Shehnai, Tabla, Tambura are the most prominent instruments in Hindustani music.

The Indian Classical Music

The classical music of the Hindustani subcontinent is referred to as classical music. It has two primary traditions: Hindustani and Carnatic. These traditions did not emerge until the 15th century. The traditions split and developed into various forms under the Mughal reign of the Indian subcontinent. Carnatic performances tend to be brief compositions, but Hindustani music encourages improvisation and exploration of all parts of a raga.

Also Read: How many Bollywood songs are there?

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