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Who is Stanley Kubrick?

by Ratan Srivastava
Stanley Kubrick

Stanley Kubrick was indeed a movie director, producer, screenwriter, as well as photographer from the United States. He is usually referred to be one of cinema’s finest directors. Just about all of his movies are adaptations of books or short tales, and they will be known for their realism, dark humour, unusual cinematography, complex set designs, as well as evocative use of music.

From 1941 until 1945, Kubrick attended William Howard Taft High School inside the Bronx, New York City. He had ordinary grades, however a deep interest in literature, photography, and cinema from such an early age, and then after graduating from high school, he taught oneself all areas of movie production and directing. He started shooting short movies on such a low budget following working as just a photographer for Look magazine inside the late 1940s and early 1950s and created his first major Hollywood feature, The Killing, for United Artists.

Following that, he worked with Kirk Douglas on two films: the military film Paths of Glory (1957) as well as the historical epic Spartacus.

Stanley Kubrick moved towards the United Kingdom in 1961, wherein he spent the rest of his life as well as career, due to creative disagreements originating from his work with Douglas as well as the movie studios, a hatred of the Hollywood industry, as well as a growing worry regarding crime in America. His house, Childwickbury Manor in Hertfordshire, which he lived alongside his wife Christiane, became his office, wherein he worked on writing, research, editing, and production management. This gave him nearly unlimited artistic control throughout his movies, as well as the unusual benefit of financial backing from big Hollywood companies. His first movies within the UK were a 1962 version of the Vladimir Nabokov novel Lolita as well as the Cold War black comedy Dr Strangelove, both starring Peter Sellers (1964).

Stanley Kubrick, a demanding perfectionist, took command of most parts of the filmmaking process, from direction and scripting to editing, and meticulously researched his movies and staged scenes, working closely with his actors, crew, and other partners. He frequently requested dozens of retakes of the same scene in a film, resulting in several disagreements with his actors. Despite his celebrity among actors, several of Kubrick’s films were groundbreaking in terms of cinematography. The science-fiction epic 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) broke new ground in terms of scientific accuracy and inventive visual effects, earning him his sole personal Academy Award for Best Visual Effects. The film is recognised as one of the best films ever made, with Steven Spielberg referring to it as his generation’s “big bang.”

Although many of Kubrick’s movies were controversial as well as received mixed reviews on such their initial release—particularly the brutal A Clockwork Orange (1971), of the kind that Kubrick tried to pull from circulation inside the UK after a media frenzy—the majority of them were nominated for Oscars, Golden Globes, or BAFTA Awards, as well as underwent critical reevaluation. Kubrick used optics manufactured by Zeiss for NASA to capture sequences under ambient candlelight for such 18th-century period picture Barry Lyndon (1975). He was among the first filmmakers to employ a Steadicam for stabilised and fluid tracking shots inside the horror picture The Shining (1980), a technique that was crucial to his Vietnam War epic Full Metal Jacket (1987). Eyes Wide Shut, his final picture, was finished just before his death in 1999 there at age of 70.

Also Read: Who is Christopher Nolan?

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